Diferencia entre revisiones de «Xihuitl»

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{{Taxobox
'''Xihuitl''' ({{es2}} ''Año''; {{en2}} ''Year''; {{may2}} ''Haab'' nozo ''tun'') in 365 (Caxtōlonēyipōhualtin ipan mācuīltin) nozo 366 (Caxtōlonēyipōhualtin īhuan chicuacē) tōnalli [[cāhuitl]]. Cē xihuitl = 360 [[tōnalli]] + [[nemontemi]] 5 nozo 6 [[tōnalli]].
| name = Plantae
| image = Diversity of plants image version 3.png
| image_width = 250px
| image_caption = Diversidad de plantas
| domain = [[Eukaryota]]
| regnum = '''Plantae'''
| subdivision_ranks = divisio
| subdivision =
'''Plantae (reino de autótrofos multicelulares)'''
* Algas multicelulares
* [[Plantas terrestres]]
 
'''Plantae (clado de adquisición primaria de cloroplastos)''' también llamado [[Primoplantae]] o Archaeplastida
== occequīntīn macehualtlahtōlcopa ==
* '''[[Glaucophyta|Glaucofitas]]''' (Glaucophyta)
* [[Tzeltallahtōlli]]: ''habilal''
* '''[[Rhodophyta|Algas rojas]]''' (Rhodophyta)
* [[Tzotzillahtōlli]]: ''jabil'', ''jabilal''
* '''[[Viridiplantae|Plantas verdes]]''' (Viridiplantae)
** '''[[Chlorophyta|Algas verdes]]''' (Chlorophyta)
** '''[[Streptophyta]]'''
*** '''[[Streptophyta|Otras algas verdes no clorofitas]]'''
*** '''[[Embryophyta|Plantas terrestres]]''' (Embryophyta)
**** '''"[[Bryophyta sensu lato|Bryophyta en sentido amplio]]"''' (grupo [[parafilético]])
***** [[Marchantiophyta|Hepáticas]] (Marchantiophyta)
***** [[Anthocerophyta|Antoceros]] (Anthocerophyta)
***** [[Bryophyta sensu stricto|Musgos]] (Bryophyta en sentido estricto)
**** '''[[Tracheophyta|Plantas vasculares]]''' (Tracheophyta, Cormophyta)
***** "[[Pteridophyta]]" (grupo [[parafilético]] que comprende a [[Lycopodiophyta]] y [[Monilophyta]])
***** '''[[Lycopodiophyta]]''' o Lycophyta
***** '''[[Euphyllophyta|Plantas con megafilos]]''' (Euphyllophyta)
****** '''[[Monilophyta|Helechos y afines]]''' (Monilophyta)
******* [[Psilotopsida]]
******* [[Equisetopsida]]
******* [[Marattiopsida]]
******* [[Polypodiopsida]]
****** '''[[Spermatophyta|Plantas con semilla]]''' (Spermatophyta, Fanerógamas, Antofitas)
******* †[[Pteridospermatophyta|Helechos con semilla]] ("Pteridospermatophyta", polifilético, extintos)
******* [[Gymnospermae|Gimnospermas]] (Gymnospermae)
******** [[Pinophyta|Coníferas]] (Pinophyta)
******** [[Cycadophyta]]
******** [[Ginkgophyta]]
******** [[Gnetophyta]]
******* [[Magnoliophyta|Plantas con flores]] (Angiospermae, Magnoliophyta)
}}
 
'''Xihuitl'''<ref>[1] quihtoznequi ''planta'' nozo ''hierba''. Xiquitta: Rémi Simeon, ''Diccionario de la Lengua Náhuatl o Mexicana'' (1885).</ref>. Tictocayotia ''cuahuitl'', ''xihuitl'', ''zacatl'', ''cueptli'' in tlein yoli ihuan mozcaltia tlalticpac intla pohui in itech in tlahtocayotl ''plantae''. Yeceh inin yolqui ca centlamamanquizqui. Ceh xihuitl ahmo ceh cuahuitl.
 
In yolli<ref>[2] quihtoznequi ''ser vivo''. Inin tlahtolli huitz in ihuic inn ixcahuilli ''yoli'' (''vivir''). Xiquitta: Rémi Simeon, ''Diccionario de la Lengua Náhuatl o Mexicana'' (1885).</ref> tlacati, mozcaltia, tlacachihua ihuan miqui<ref>[3] In icuac in miqui, ca oc ''yolli'' yeceh ahmo ''yolqui''. Xiquitta: Rémi Simeon, ''Diccionario de la Lengua Náhuatl o Mexicana'' (1885).</ref>.
 
Cequi itlacotonyo nozo icentlamanyo in xihuitl: xochitl, izhuatl, nelhuatl, quiyotl, quilyolohtli, xocotl, achtli nozo achelli. In xochitl ahmo quipiya izhuatl, nelhuatl nozo quiyotl, quemah in xihuitl nozo in cuahuitl.
 
== No Xiquitta ==
* [[Xōchihcualli]]
 
* [[Xiuhtlacualli]]
 
* [[Tzīncuauhyōtl]]
 
* [[yolopahtli]]
 
* [[Quilitl]]
 
* [[Camohtli]]
 
* [[Huauhtli]]
 
* [[Āyohtli]]
 
* [[Etl]]
 
* [[Xōchitl]]
 
* [[Texachtli]]<ref>[2] quihtoznequi ''cereal(es)''. Inin tlahtolli huitz in ihuic ''achtli'' ihuan ''textli'' nozo ''teci''.</ref>
 
* [[Xinachtli]]<ref>[3] quihtoznequi ''semilla de legumbre(s)'' nozo ''semilla de leguminosas''. Inin tlahtolli huitz in ihuic ''xini'' ihuan ''achtli''. Xiquitta Rémi Simeon, ''Diccionario de la Lengua Náhuatl o Mexicana'' (1885).</ref>
 
* [[Xinxocotl]]<ref>[4] quihtoznequi ''legumbre(s)'' nozo ''leguminosas''. Inin tlahtolli huitz in ihuic ''xini'' ihuan ''achtli''. Xiquitta Rémi Simeon, ''Diccionario de la Lengua Náhuatl o Mexicana'' (1885)</ref>
 
 
* [[Xocotl]]
 
 
 
 
{{Tlahtōlcaquiliztilōni}}
 
== {{SeeAlso}} ==
* [[Tōnalpuhque]] <!-- en: "counters of days" priest -->
** [[Tōnalpōhualli]] <!-- (Maya: Tzolkin)en: “almanac year”; sacred calendar; The 260-day period: ritual calendar -->
** [[Nemontemi]] <!-- en: five "superfluous, useless" days per year may:ualeb -->
** [[Xiuhmolpilli]] <!-- en: 365 * 52 = 18980 days; Calendar Round may:hunab-->
** [[Xiuhpōhualli]] <!-- en: agricultural and ceremonial calendar -->
** [[Cuauhxicalli]] <!-- en: Aztec Calendar or Sun Stone; The 365-day period: ritual calendar; Seasonal Calendar -->
 
== {{Links}} ==
* [http://www.geocities.com/a1ma_mia/calendar/mesocal.html Mesoamerican Calendars] See: "TABLE 2. Sign Meanings".
* [http://www.gizapyramid.com/CliveRoss4.htm The Aztec “Sun Stone”] Quote: "...Illustration 3. The glyph Xihuitl representing the solar year..."
* [http://www.kelsung.com/calendar/aztec.htm The Aztec calendar]
* [http://www.crystalinks.com/aztecalendar.html Aztec Calendar - Sun Stone]
 
[[Neneuhcāyōtl:Tōnalmachiyōtl]]
[[Neneuhcāyōtl:Xihuitl]]
 
[[af:JaarPlant]]
[[als:JahrPflanzen]]
[[aman:አመትPlantae]]
[[anang:AnyoPlante]]
[[angar:Gēarنبات]]
[[ararz:سَنَةنبات]]
[[as:গছ-গছনি]]
[[arc:ܫܢܬܐ (ܙܒܢܐ)]]
[[arzast:سنهPlantae]]
[[astay:AñuAli]]
[[ayaz:MaraBitkilər]]
[[azbat-smg:İlAugalā]]
[[babe:ЙылРасліны]]
[[be-x-old:Расьліны]]
[[bat-smg:Metā]]
[[bebg:ГодРастения]]
[[be-x-oldbjn:ГодTumbuhan]]
[[bn:উদ্ভিদ]]
[[bg:Година]]
[[bnbr:বছরPlant]]
[[bobs:ལོ་Biljke]]
[[brbxr:BloazУргамал]]
[[bsca:GodinaPlanta]]
[[cr:ᐅᐲᑭᒋᑳᓇ]]
[[ca:Any]]
[[cebcs:TuigRostliny]]
[[chcsb:SåkkanRoscënë]]
[[cv:Ӳсентăран]]
[[cs:Rok]]
[[csbcy:RokPlanhigyn]]
[[cvda:ÇулталăкPlante]]
[[cyde:BlwyddynPflanzen]]
[[dadiq:ÅrNebat]]
[[dedsb:JahrRostliny]]
[[eldv:Έτοςގަސް]]
[[emlel:AnΦυτό]]
[[en:YearPlant]]
[[eo:JaroPlanto]]
[[es:AñoPlanta]]
[[et:AastaTaimed]]
[[eu:UrteLandare]]
[[faext:سالPlantae]]
[[fifa:Vuosiگیاه]]
[[fiu-vrofi:AastakKasvi]]
[[fiu-vro:Kasv]]
[[fr:Année (calendrier)]]
[[furfo:AnPlantur]]
[[fyfr:JierPlante]]
[[gafrp:BliainPlanta]]
[[ganfrr:Plaanten]]
[[gdfur:BliadhnaPlantis]]
[[glga:Ano (astronomía)Planda]]
[[gotgan:𐌾𐌴𐍂植物]]
[[hakgl:NgiènPlanta]]
[[hawgn:MakahikiKa'avo]]
[[hegv:שנהLus]]
[[hifha:SaalShuka]]
[[hrhe:Godinaצומח]]
[[hthi:Laneपादप]]
[[huhr:ÉvBiljke]]
[[iahsb:AnnoRostliny]]
[[idht:TahunPlant]]
[[iohu:YaroNövények]]
[[ishy:ÁrԲույս]]
[[itia:AnnoPlanta]]
[[iuid:ᐅᑭᐅᖅTumbuhan]]
[[jaig:Osisi]]
[[jboio:nancaPlanto]]
[[jvis:TaunJurt]]
[[kait:წელიPlantæ]]
[[kkiu:Жылᐱᕈᖅᑐᖅ]]
[[knja:ವರ್ಷ植物]]
[[kojv:Tetanduran]]
[[ka:მცენარეები]]
[[krc:Джыл]]
[[kukaa:SalO'simlikler]]
[[kbd:КъэкӀыгъэхэр]]
[[kw:Bledhen]]
[[kk:Өсімдіктер]]
[[la:Annus]]
[[ladkl:AñoNaasut]]
[[lbkn:Joerಸಸ್ಯ]]
[[liko:Jaor식물]]
[[lokoi:ປີБыдмас]]
[[ltku:MetaiRiwek]]
[[lvkw:GadsPlans]]
[[ky:Өсүмдүктөр]]
[[map-bms:Taun]]
[[mhrla:ИдалыкPlantae]]
[[milb:TauPlanzeräich]]
[[mklbe:ГодинаХхяххия]]
[[mllg:വർഷംEbimera]]
[[mnlij:ЖилPlantae]]
[[mrlmo:वर्षPlantae]]
[[msln:TahunEtɔɛlɛ]]
[[myvlt:ИеAugalai]]
[[ndsltg:JohrAuguoji]]
[[nelv:बर्षAugi]]
[[nlmap-bms:JaarTanduran]]
[[nnmg:ÅrZavamaniry]]
[[nomhr:ÅrКушкыл]]
[[mk:Растенија]]
[[nrm:Aun]]
[[nsoml:Ngwagaസസ്യം]]
[[ocmn:AnnadaУргамал]]
[[mr:वनस्पती]]
[[os:Аз]]
[[pamrj:ਸਾਲКушкыш]]
[[plms:RokTumbuhan]]
[[pnbmwl:ورہPlanta]]
[[ptmy:Anoအပင်]]
[[qumyv:WataКасыкс]]
[[rmynds:BershPlanten]]
[[ronds-nl:AnPlaanten]]
[[ne:वनस्पति]]
[[ru:Год]]
[[new:मा (बोट्यानी)]]
[[rue:Рік]]
[[rwnl:UmwakaPlanten]]
[[sahnn:СылPlantar]]
[[scnno:AnnuPlanter]]
[[senrm:JahkiPliante]]
[[shny:GodinaZomera]]
[[simpleoc:YearPlantae]]
[[os:Зайæгойтæ]]
[[sk:Rok]]
[[slpa:Letoਪੌਦਾ]]
[[snpam:GoreTanaman]]
[[sopl:SanadRośliny]]
[[sqpnb:Vitiپودا]]
[[srpt:ГодинаPlantae]]
[[srnqu:YariYura]]
[[suro:TaunPlantă]]
[[roa-rup:Amirãriljea-a Iarbilor]]
[[sv:År]]
[[roa-tara:Regnum Plantae]]
[[sw:Mwaka]]
[[szlru:RokРастения]]
[[tarue:ஆண்டுРослины]]
[[rw:Ikimera]]
[[te:సంవత్సరము]]
[[tgsa:Солओषधयः]]
[[sah:Үүнээйилэр]]
[[th:ปี]]
[[tlscn:TaonPlantae]]
[[tpisco:YiaPlant]]
[[trsh:YılBiljka]]
[[ttsi:Елශාක]]
[[uksimple:РікPlant]]
[[ursk:سالRastliny]]
[[uzsl:YilRastline]]
[[vecsn:AnMadzinde]]
[[viso:NămBeer]]
[[warsq:TuigBimët]]
[[wosr:AtБиљке]]
[[yist:יארDimela]]
[[yostq:ỌdúnPlonten]]
[[zhsu:Tutuwuhan]]
[[zh-min-nansv:Växt]]
[[zh-yuesw:Mmea]]
[[szl:Źeliny]]
[[ta:தாவரம்]]
[[te:మొక్క]]
[[th:พืช]]
[[tl:Halaman]]
[[to:ʻakau]]
[[tpi:Sayor]]
[[tr:Bitki]]
[[tt:Үсемлекләр]]
[[tum:Vyakumela]]
[[udm:Будос]]
[[uk:Рослини]]
[[ur:نباتات]]
[[uz:O'simliklar]]
[[ve:Tshimela]]
[[vec:Piante]]
[[vi:Thực vật]]
[[vls:Plantn]]
[[wa:Plante]]
[[war:Tanaman]]
[[wo:Gàncax]]
[[yi:פלאנץ]]
[[yo:Ọ̀gbìn]]
[[za:Doenghgo]]
[[zea:Plant'n]]
[[zh:植物]]
[[zh-classical:植物]]
[[zh-min-nan:Si̍t-bu̍t]]
[[zh-yue:植物]]
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